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Obama and the Militarization of the “Drug War” in Mexico and Central America May 10, 2013

Posted by rogerhollander in Costa Rica, Criminal Justice, Drugs, Honduras, Human Rights, Latin America, Mexico.
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Honduran soldiers exercised at Forward Operating Base Mocoron, one of three military outposts the United States is building in Honduras to help take the fight in Central America’s vicious drug war into remote, ungoverned areas that have been safe havens for narcotics traffickers. (Photo: Tomas Munita for The New York Times)

During his trip last week to Mexico and Costa Rica, President Obama sought to down play the U.S.’s security agenda in the region, emphasizing trade relations, energy cooperation and other more benign themes.  In a May 3rd joint press conference with his Costa Rican counterpart Laura Chinchilla, Obama stated that it was necessary “to recognize that problems like narco-trafficking arise in part when a country is vulnerable because of poverty, because of institutions that are not working for the people, because young people don’t see a brighter future ahead.”  Asked by a journalist about the potential use of U.S. warships to counter drug-trafficking, Obama said “I’m not interested in militarizing the struggle against drug trafficking.”

Human rights organizations from North America and Central America have a very different impression of the administration’s regional security policy.  In a letter sent to Obama and the other region’s presidents on April 30th, over 145 civil society organizations [PDF] from the U.S., Mexico and the countries of Central America called out U.S. policies that “promote militarization to address organized crime.”   These policies, the letter states, have only resulted in a “dramatic surge in violent crime, often reportedly perpetrated by security forces themselves.”  The letter presents a scathing indictment of the U.S.-backed so-called “war on drugs” throughout the region:

Human rights abuses against our families and communities are, in many cases, directly attributable to failed and counterproductive security policies that have militarized our societies in the name of the “war on drugs.”  The deployment of our countries’ armed forces  to combat organized crime and drug-trafficking, and the increasing militarization of police units, endanger already weak civilian institutions and leads to increased human rights violations.

In Mexico, the letter says, “drug-related violence and the militarized response has killed an estimated 80,000 men, women, and children in the past six years. More than 26,000 have been disappeared, and countless numbers have been wounded and traumatized.”  The letter also discusses the situation in Guatemala, where violence is “reaching levels only seen during the internal armed conflict” and “controversial ‘security’ policies have placed the military back onto the streets.  And, in Honduras:

Since the coup d’état that forced the elected president into exile in 2009, the rule of law has disintegrated while violence and impunity have soared. We are witnessing a resurgence of death squad tactics with targeted killings of land rights advocates, journalists, LGBT activists, lawyers, women’s rights advocates, political activists and the Garifuna’s community. Both military and police are allegedly involved in abuses and killings but are almost never brought to justice.

Though Obama claims that he has sought to avoid “militarizing the struggle against drug trafficking”, the opposite trend has been observed throughout his administration.  As the “Just the Facts” database of U.S. military spending in the Western Hemisphere shows, military assistance to Central American countries has significantly increased under Obama, from $51.8 million in 2009, to $76.5 million in 2013 and an anticipated $90 million in 2014.

The U.S. sale of arms and military equipment to the region has also soared.  According to a recent Associated Press investigation by Martha Mendoza , “the U.S. authorized the sale of a record $2.8 billion worth of guns, satellites, radar equipment and tear gas to Western Hemisphere nations in 2011, four times the authorized sales 10 years ago, according to the latest State Department reports.”

The presence of the U.S military in the region, and the U.S. promotion of military tactics in law enforcement, has also increased under Obama.  A New York Times investigative report from May 5, 2012 described how the U.S. military had recently established forward operating bases in the remote Moskitia region of Honduras and was providing support to drug interdiction efforts.  A heavily armed DEA Foreign-deployed Advisory Support Team (FAST) previously deployed in Afghanistan was conducting operations with a U.S.-trained and vetted Honduran Tactical Response Team.  Six days after the article was published, FAST and TRT killed four indigenous Miskitu villagers during an early morning operation.  As we showed in a report published last month jointly with Rights Action, the victims’ families continue to wait for some form of justice and compensation for the killings.

Alexander Main

Alexander Main is Senior Associate for International Policy at the Center for Economic and Policy Research.



1. stubones49 - May 10, 2013

All you need to know about the “War on Drugs but were afraid to ask- When all are familiar with this enigma created by the ubber wealthy, Reptillian Brained sociopathic Monsters that have been manipulating the hard working people of this World with the BIG LIE then let the Revolution begin-
War on Drugs

Cocaine Politics – Drugs, Armies, and the CIA in Central America – Peter Dale Scott
Drugs, Oil, and War – The United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina – Peter Dale Scott
DOPE, INC. – the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy – Executive Intelligence Review (EIR)
Narco-Dollars For Dummies – How The Money Works In The Illicit Drug Trade (2/02)
Just Say No (to the war on drugs)
Drug Warriors
Battle Fatigue
A Sane Drug Policy
The War No One Wants to Win
CIA, Cocaine, and Death Squads
Drug Fallout
CIA Clears Self of Drug Charge
The CIA and Drugs
Stop the War on Colombia
Colombia: Washington’s Next Dirty War
CIA Admits Tolerating Contra-Cocaine Trafficking in 1980s
Colombia: U.S. Military in Danger of Going to War on Wrong Side
US Policy Contradictory on Colombia
CIA’s Drug Confession
America’s Secret War
U.S. military moves into Mexico
United States and Colombia
Still Seeing Red
Colombia on the Brink
Speaking Truth to Power
Paramilitaries, Drug Trafficking and U.S. Policy in Colombia
Echoes of Vietnam (Colombia)
From Korea to Vietnam to Colombia
Just Vote No
War and Fear in Putumayo
Adios to Failed Strategies
Danger of a New Vietnam
Death Falls from the Sky – Plan Colombia’s fumigation campaign
A Quagmire for Our Time
Monsanto and the ‘Drug War’
Drug War Retreat – England moves to decriminalize narcotics
Political Economy of Narco-Terror State – Colombia & corporate profits
Drug Busts = Jim Crow
The Dark Alliance – Gary Webb’s 1996 San Jose Mercury News Exposé – about the origins of the crack cocaine epidemic in Los Angeles (1996)
MI-6 [British Intelligence] Are The Lords of the Global Drug Trade (5/06)
The CIA, Contras, Gangs, and Crack (11/06)
The U.S. “War on Drugs” Is an Assault on South America’s Poorest (4/07)
The War on Pot: America’s $42 Billion Annual Boondoggle (10/07)
Gary Webb’s Enduring Legacy (12/07)
The Real Drug Lords – brief history of CIA involvement in Drug Trade (8/08)
Can Senator Webb Lead America Out of the Drug War Quagmire? – Seeks to Rethink the War on Drugs (4/09)
Drug money saved banks in global crisis, claims UN advisor (12/09)

2. stubones49 - May 11, 2013

Above links apparently won’t open on Rogers great web site but are available at thirdworldtraveller.com

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